Which Is Most True About Agreements Over Slavery In The Writing Of The Constitution

There is also a difference between the very wording of the first sentence and the wording of the second sentence. In the first sentence, the refugee is referred to as “fleeing justice”,” while the slave is referred to as “fleeing” “service or work in a state”. Thus, the fugitive slave clause clearly refers to slavery. When the details of Virginia`s plan were discussed, it became clear that it was not a simple revision of the articles of Confederation, but a bold plan for an entirely new type of government – a government with a much more powerful “national” legislature and, unlike the articles of confederation, with a powerful chief executive. It also became immediately clear that, as bold and innovative as the plan may have been, many delegates in the room had serious concerns about certain aspects. For nearly four months, delegates have been trying to clarify and resolve their differences. The most divisive issues – those concerning the distribution of representation in the national legislature, the powers and modalities of electing the chief executive, and the place of the institution of slavery in the new continental political body – would fundamentally change the form of the document, which would finally be published on 17 September. 1787. The Constitution does not authorize or prohibit slavery. The drafters did not expect to ban slavery, but came to the Convention to create a constitution for the country they knew existed and also how it would exist in the future. Since slavery was part of the Union, it had to be treated tactfully, and the drafters decided to do so by not explicitly using the words “slave” or “slavery,” but by creating multiple compromises. The Union was young and fragile and needed the approval and acceptance of all States.

This meant, of course, that, because each state had different interests, compromises had to be made to create a document that best represented the Union as a whole. The wording of the sections was very ambiguous and seemed to include apprentices and all others who were required to serve for a limited period of time. “. it made no distinction between free and non-free persons. It was “[N]ot in what he said, but only as it was generally understood,. [that] the so-called fugitive slave clause recognizes the existence of slavery in America. 8 As with the other clauses, the word slavery was not used here, but it was understood as holding slaves. (1) How many members each state would have in the House of Representatives. (2) How many electoral votes each state would have in presidential elections. (3) The amount that each State would pay in direct taxes to the Confederation.

After this compromise, another controversy erupted: what should be done with the slave trade, the importation of new slaves into the United States? Ten states had already banned it. Many delegates vehemently denounced it. But the three states that allowed it — Georgia and the two Carolinas — threatened to leave the convention if trade was banned. A special committee worked out another compromise: Congress should have the power to ban the slave trade, but not before 1800. The Convention voted to extend the date until 1808. The disengagement of black citizens eventually caught the attention of Congress, and in 1900 some members proposed depriving the South of seats, which is related to the number of people excluded from the vote. [20] In the end, Congress did not act to change the division, mainly because of the power of the Southern bloc. .