1. States parties to this pact recognize the right of everyone to a decent standard of living for themselves and their families, including adequate food, clothing and housing, as well as continuous improvement in living conditions. States Parties will take appropriate measures to ensure the application of this right, recognizing in this regard the essential importance of international cooperation based on free consent. 1. No one may be guilty of an act or omission which, at the time of his commission, did not constitute a criminal offence under national or international law. Moreover, no sentence greater than that incurred at the time of the commission of the offence can be imposed. If the law provides for a lighter sentence after the commission of the offence, the offender will benefit. 1. In times of public emergency that threatens the life of the nation and whose existence is officially proclaimed, States parties to this pact may take measures that depart from their obligations under this pact, to the extent strictly necessary to the needs of the situation, provided that these measures are not incompatible with their other obligations under international law and are not merely discriminated against on the basis of race. , colour, gender, language, religion or social origin. Indonesia interprets the self-determination clause (Article 1) in the context of other laws and is not invoked for peoples within a sovereign nation-state.
 Improving the status of socio-economic rights in national law and national policies (a) the same issue is not addressed in another international investigation or transaction procedure; 1. All peoples have the right to self-determination. Thanks to this right, they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development. our presentation to the United Nations Committee on Socio-Economic Rights in the United Kingdom (August 2015) a report on the state of socio-economic rights in the United Kingdom (March 2018) The International Covenant on Economic Affairs, Social and Cultural Rights (CIEMCR) is a multilateral treaty adopted by the UNITED Nations General Assembly on 16 December 1966 as part of the UN General Assembly under Resolution 2200A (XXI) and entered into force on 3 January 1976.  It commits its parties to work towards the granting of economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR) to territories and non-autonomous and trust persons, including workers` rights and the right to health, the right to education and the right to a decent standard of living. By July 2020, the pact had 171 parties.  Four other countries, including the United States, signed the pact but did not ratify it. (c) The Committee only considers an issue before it after it has found that all domestic remedies in this area have been invoked and exhausted in accordance with the generally accepted principles of international law.
This is not the rule when the application of remedies is improperly extended. Article 10 of the Covenant recognizes the family as a “natural and fundamental group unit of society” and obliges the parties to provide “the broadest possible protection and support.”  Parties must ensure that their citizens are free from their families and that marriages are freely contracted and not forced.  Contracting parties must also grant mothers paid leave before and after birth or adequate social security, an obligation that overlaps with that of Article 9. Finally, the parties must take “special measures” to protect children from economic or social exploitation, including setting a minimum age for employment and locking out children in dangerous and harmful occupations.  2.